Dental pyorrhea causes, symptoms and treatment

The gum is a mucosa that covers the bone that surrounds the teeth. Without any alteration, the gum is a pale reddish color and its main function is the protection of the teeth, also helping to hold them. In many occasions, we present alterations in this important tissue that leads to multiple consequences, we can find from a remarkable change of tissue coloration, which can give us indications that something is happening, up to dental changes, affecting from the aesthetic to the principal functions. One of these alterations is pyorrhea and that is why in the following article we will explain in detail what pyorrhea is, what its symptoms are and the treatment you should follow if you present it.

What is dental pyorrhea and what are its symptoms

The chronic periodontitis or also called pyorrhea is a common pathology oral infectious type level produced by the presence of bacterial colonies located on the gums. It is a disease that leads to the destruction of the dental support bone and, therefore, to the loss of the main functions of this tissue.

Symptoms of pyorrhea

Among the most frequent symptoms of pyorrhea, we will first mention the presence of tartar above or below the gum, the person presents a change in coloration in the gum being a red more accentuated, the teeth turn a more yellowish color and mainly there is a presence of a pus or blood discharge, which can be spontaneous or occur as a result of the passage of some object, for example during tooth brushing.

In addition, pyorrhea can cause the gum to retract and the person complains of having mobility in the teeth because there is loss of support.

Causes of pyorrhea

The main cause of pyorrhea is bacterial, since within our mouth there is a bacterial cluster and as the hours pass, a plaque film is formed at the dental level, composed of the same bacteria and food debris. If this plaque is not removed, it can become mineralized leading to solid deposits, known as dental calculus or tartar, producing gingivitis, which is the first inflammatory response that the gum has to these agents. However, when this continues to progress and the lesion is prolonged, bone loss can occur, leading to pyorrhea or chronic periodontitis.

The previous cause is closely related to poor hygiene on the part of the person at the oral level.

Pyorrhea presents risk factors that can cause or aggravate the situation, among these factors is tobacco. The cigarette has a vascular effect in which the blood flow is diminished in addition to that the gum will receive less oxygen and, therefore, the defense mechanism of bacteria is affected, destroying the tissue more quickly and aggressively.

In women there is a greater probability of suffering pyorrhea due to the hormonal changes that they present, these changes modify the bacterial micro flora in the mouth making it more susceptible to the increase of bacteria and, therefore, to the formation of tartar.

Treatment of pyorrhea

The treatment of pyorrhea consists of several phases, the initial or hygiene phase being a dental cleaning or also known as a tartrectomy, which consists of the elimination of the calculus or calculus through the use of instruments, either rotary or manuals by the general dentist. In more delicate cases, it is preferable to go to a periodontics, who is the specialist dentist in this area.

Then, the control or maintenance phase comes, the person must be reviewed again by the dentist to affirm that the changes suffered in the gum have improved, and this phase includes the use of a better brushing technique and mouth rinses, preferably those that contain chlorhexidine. Depending on the type of rinse, it will be indicated how long and how it should be used, and depending on the degree of alteration that is suffered, the brushing technique that should be used will be decided.

In the case that the patient is a smoker, it will be recommended to quit, because while the habit is maintained, the pyorrhea will also continue.

Another possible treatment in case of advanced periodontal diseases, in which there is a lot of dental mobility and tartar is observed below the gum, is the performance of periodontal surgery. With this, the gums will be separated from the teeth to leave them exposed and cleaning the area will be done eliminating all traces of tartar, suturing and, finally, the teeth will be fixed in their proper position with the use of resin and / or orthodontic wires.

However, the best thing to avoid pyorrhea is prevention that is, maintaining an adequate oral hygiene, including a good brushing technique and a good mouth rinse. In the following article we show the best tricks to take care of teeth.

Dental Problems Associated With HIV AIDS

What is the HIV virus and AIDS?

HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) is the virus that causes the AIDS disease. This virus passes from one person to another through the contact of blood with blood (blood transfusions, needles infected with HIV and sexual contact). In addition, an infected pregnant woman can infect her baby with the HIV virus during pregnancy, delivery or during breastfeeding.

AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) is acquired when HIV infection weakens the individual’s immune system in such a way that it is difficult to fight against certain diseases and infections. There are also “opportunistic” infections that take advantage of the opportunity provided by the weakened immune system and produce disease.

How do I know if I have HIV / AIDS?

Dental problems such as bleeding gums, oral herpes lesions and fungal infections are among the first signs of AIDS. However, you should not assume that you have the infection because you have any of these symptoms because they also occur in people who do not have the disease. The only way to determine if you are infected is to have an HIV test. Consult your doctor or other health professional.

A positive HIV test does not mean that you have AIDS. AIDS is a medical diagnosis made by a doctor that is based on specific criteria. Nor can you trust the symptoms to know if one is infected with HIV. A large number of people infected with HIV have no symptoms for several years.

The following may be warning signs of HIV infection:

  • Rapid weight loss
  • Dry cough
  • Recurrent fever or intense night sweats
  • Pronounced fatigue
  • Inflammation of lymph nodes in the armpits, groin or neck
  • Persistent diarrhea for more than a week
  • White polka dots or unusual spots on the tongue, mouth or throat
  • Pneumonia
  • Red, brown, pink or purple spots on or under the skin, inside the mouth, nose or eyelids
  • Memory loss, depression or other neurological disorders

How to prevent HIV / AIDS?

HIV transmission can occur when blood, semen, vaginal fluids or breast milk from an infected person enters your body. The best way to prevent HIV is to avoid the activities that allow the virus to enter our body. For more information on HIV / AIDS prevention, consult a doctor or other health professional.

A large number of people worry about the risk of infection from a blood transfusion. Since 1985, in the United States, all donated blood goes through the HIV test. The blood supply of the United States is considered one of the safest in the world.

Can I get HIV at the dentist’s office?

Due to the nature of dental treatment, people fear HIV. There are universal precautions that are used between one patient and another to prevent transmission of the HIV virus and other infectious diseases.

These precautions require dentists, hygienists and office assistants to wear gloves, masks, eye protection and infection barrier means (disposable plastic covers); also, they must sterilize all manual instruments (lathes) and other dental instruments for each patient, using specific sterilization procedures stipulated by the Centers for Disease Control. Instruments that are not sterilizable are discarded by throwing them into special containers. After the visit of each patient, the dentist must discard the gloves, wash their hands and put on a new pair of gloves for the next patient, as well as change their barrier means.

If these issues bother you and you feel fears, do not hesitate to ask your dentist everything you want about health and safety measures.

How is HIV / AIDS treated?

Currently, there are medical treatments that reduce the rate at which the HIV virus weakens the immune system. There are other treatments that prevent or treat some of the diseases related to AIDS. As with other diseases, early detection provides greater treatment options.

Dental porcelain veneers

If you want a perfect smile, veneers are a good solution. The dental veneers are sheets of the same color of the enamel that are placed on the surface of the tooth to improve the aesthetics of our smile.

Veneers can correct a multitude of aesthetic defects such as fractured, colored, crowded, separated teeth, etc.

The advances in dental aesthetics and the properties of the materials used in the current veneers make the final result much more natural than that of years ago.

What are veneers?

Dental veneers are very thin sheets made with materials that simulate the natural appearance of the enamel and are designed to cover the front surface of the teeth. They can be made of porcelain or composite. Most veneers are made with porcelain because this material resists the passage of time and has refraction properties of light similar to those of natural teeth. The veneers stick on the surface of the teeth to hide imperfections and sometimes change the size, shape and length of the teeth.

How are porcelain veneers placed?

Normally the treatment requires three visits to the dentist. At the first visit your dentist will explain if this particular treatment is the most appropriate for you and will inform you of the advantages and disadvantages of the treatment.

On the second visit your dentist will carve the surface of the tooth by removing a small amount of enamel to make room for the veneer. Normally only half a millimeter of enamel thickness is removed but you may need some anesthesia. The carving of the enamel is necessary so that the tooth is not very bulky after placing the veneer. Then you take an impression of your teeth to send to the laboratory where the veneers will be made to measure.

On the third visit, your dentist will place the veneers on your site using a special adhesive material.

Advantages and disadvantages of porcelain veneers

This treatment is relatively expensive and irreversible, so it is advisable to carefully weigh the pros and cons before making a decision.

Advantages of the veneers of porcelain:

  • Since veneers are made with material that simulates enamel and are made to measure for each patient, it is practically impossible to distinguish them from natural teeth.
  • With a porcelain veneer it is possible to change the shape of the teeth, their color and even the defects of position.
  • The stains of tobacco, coffee, tea, wine, etc. They do not affect porcelain veneers.
  • The color of the veneers can be selected among several tones (it is advisable to let yourself be guided by the professional and resist the temptation to choose the whitest tones that give less natural results)
  • For healthy teeth, veneers can be a good substitute for crowns since crowns require a major modification of the tooth’s natural structure when carving.
  • Porcelain veneers are durable pieces that maintain the color, brightness and original appearance over time.

Disadvantages of porcelain veneers:

  • The design and preparation in the laboratory and its placement requires a lot of time and dedication for what is usually a treatment with a relatively high cost.
  • Although it is a non-invasive and painless treatment, the sensitivity of the teeth can increase since it is necessary to carve, even minimally, the tooth enamel.
  • It must be borne in mind that, once the teeth are prepared, to place the veneers, the process is not reversible.
  • A cemented veneer is definitely difficult to remove or repair (it must be broken)

Are porcelain veneers suitable for me?

If you have spaces between your teeth, veneers can be a good alternative to orthodontics. The veneers are also indicated to hide small fractures and uneven teeth. They are ideal for those teeth that do not respond well to tooth whitening.

The veneers are not appropriate for teeth weakened by decay, with large fractures or fillings. In these cases a crown is more advisable.

Patients who squeeze and grind their teeth, in some cases, are not good candidates for this type of treatment because they are prone to break veneers.

Maintenance of porcelain veneers

With proper care following the instructions of your dentist, the veneers can last for many years. However, because they are so fine, they can be broken if we misuse them. Avoid biting your nails, nibbling pencils, ice or any other hard material.

It is also important to follow good dental hygiene and go through the checks indicated by your dentist to make sure that our veneers are still in perfect condition.

With proper care and good dental hygiene you can enjoy a beautiful smile for years to come.

Dental hypersensitivity

Do your teeth hurt you when you drink your tea or when you eat a frozen sorbet? This may be a dental hypersensitivity.

This frequent condition is manifested by dental pain, which occurs in very special situations: with a food that is too hot or too cold, by rinsing the mouth or by brushing the teeth. The pains are like those of a decay but contrary to them the pains of dental hypersensitivity are not localized on a precise tooth but overall of the teeth. To confirm this diagnosis, it is important to consult your dentist.

This exacerbated sensitivity of teeth is caused by exposing the dentine, the layer of dental tissue that lies just under the enamel and along the root. When the enamel covering, it is altered or the gingiva retracts (a gingival recession), dentin is no longer protected. Porosities (micromoles) exist in the thickness of the dentine, and will communicate with the pulp of the tooth where the nerve and the blood vessels that irrigate the tooth are located. Also, at the slightest contact (brushing) or stimulus (hot or cold for example), the nerve endings are directly stimulated, and the pains appear.

To protect the enamel, it is necessary to avoid the consumption of acid foods or drinks because they gradually demineralize the teeth and increase the porosities, they become more friable. Avoid over-consumption of all acidic products, especially citrus fruits (lemon, grapefruit, orange …). Be careful also with light or not soft drinks, energy drinks and medicines with vitamin C and vinegar. Attention also to traumatic brushing, particularly supported with unsuitable brushes (hard or medium). Using a hard brush with horizontal brushing results in loss of gum height, root is bare and dentin is no longer protected and will gradually wear out.

Another cause of gingival recession, dental plaque and tartar, which when they accumulate cause inflammation and retraction of the gums.
The solution to avoid tartar and preserve the gums? Choose a soft-bristled toothbrush and methodical brushing: brush top and bottom separately, always brush from red to white, that is, gums to the tooth and do not forget the inner side of the toothbrush. Teeth. Use the dental supplement in the evening to clean between each tooth. Check regularly with your dentist for a professional cleaning of your teeth and explain the correct brushing procedures. Tips are even more important if the teeth are positioned incorrectly and misaligned because they are more difficult to clean.

Effective toothpastes for sensitive teeth? Yes, they improve dental sensitivity problems when used over the long term. They contain minerals that obstruct the surface porosities of the dentin. They act especially if you leave a slight lm on your teeth after brushing, on some very sensitive teeth do not hesitate to put on them a little toothpaste to let it act. Of course, it is advisable to adopt in parallel the good preventive actions in particular not to consume too many acid foods.

However, it is possible that these toothpastes are not enough. In this case, there are desensitizing products, for example varnishes, which will also fill the dentin micro-holes. A session with the dentist is enough to ask.

In conclusion, ask your dentist for advice, he will know how to prescribe a toothbrush, a toothpaste to see mouthwashes adapted to your problems of dental hypersensitivity.


Dental hypersensitivity is characterized by pain on all teeth, in contact with hot and cold (and sometimes sweet) mainly.

It has nothing to do with tooth decay even though the pain can be confused hence the importance of consulting your dentist.

It is caused by exposing dentin, either because of a damaged enamel or because of a gingival recession. To prevent this dental condition, one must avoid consuming foods too acidic and adopt a soft dental brushing.

Some pathologies are at risk: anorexia, bulimia, cancers (due to chemotherapy), and gastro esophageal reflux disease. Do not hesitate to tell your dentist, there are various solutions (toothpaste, varnish, etc.).

Dental Health Enjoy sweets while avoiding cavities!

One cannot deny that a little treat from time to time is good morale, but we must not forget that dental caries are mainly due to excess sugar. In fact, every Canadian consumes on average 40 kg of sugar a year; it is easy to understand that adequate oral hygiene is the key to preventing the development of dental caries. But what exactly is tooth decay?

Caries in a nutshell!

Let us first recall that a tooth is formed of three different layers, that is, from the outside to the inside, the enamel, the dentine and, finally, the pulp. The enamel is the superficial layer of the tooth, that is to say the one that is in contact with the inside of the mouth, including the food ingested. The enamel is followed by the dentine, the part that forms the majority of the mass of the tooth. Finally, we find the dental pulp, in the center, where the blood vessels, the lymphatic vessels and the nerves are hidden. When a decay occurs, the three parts of the tooth are destroyed. This destruction settles progressively from the surface (enamel) to the center of the tooth (the pulp).

Initially, caries does not cause pain, and when it reaches the dentine (the middle layer) and the bacteria have a free field to reach the dental pulp, the sensitivity of the tooth increases. First, there is sensitivity to heat and cold, and as caries grows, the tooth becomes sensitive to sugar. Finally, the decay is visible and looks like a brown or black spot on the tooth.


Dental caries can be caused by various factors such as dental plaque, heredity, and diet.

The plaque is a deposit that accumulates on the surface of the tooth. It is actually an invisible film that contains a lot of bacteria. The plaque hardens within 24 to 36 hours and there is an accumulation of this deposit every day. It is also plaque that is mainly responsible for gum infections.

With regard to heredity, we can speak here of the family history of caries. Indeed, some people are more likely to develop cavities, especially because of the pH of their saliva which is naturally more acidic, allowing bacteria to multiply more.

Finally, the diet also plays a big role in the appearance of caries. The absence of brushing as well as the consumption of sugar are two factors causing a decrease in oral pH, which promotes the proliferation of bacteria causing the erosion of tooth enamel, which is the first step in the development of decay. Dental. The more sugar consumption is common, the more damage to the enamel will intensify and gradually reach the other parts of the tooth.

If the caries is left untreated, it can cause destruction of the tooth and even an infection of the bone where it is implanted, due to the penetration of microbes.

Enjoy sweets and avoid damaging your teeth

On its website, the Canadian Dental Association offers some suggestions that can help preserve our teeth while sweetening their mouths from time to time.

Here are a few:

Eat candies at meals rather than as a snack since the saliva secretion is much more abundant at this time, which allows to dilute and clean the sugar on the teeth.

Avoid, preferably, caramels which stick more to the dental wall and which are thus more difficult to dislodge.

If you cannot brush your teeth, rinse your mouth with water, eat fibrous foods or chew a sugar-free gum.

Teeth cleaning: the best way to avoid cavities

There is no miracle product to avoid cavities. The key to proper oral care is thorough cleaning of the teeth after each meal and at bedtime. A thorough cleaning includes brushing, of course, but it’s important to remember that flossing between each of the teeth is essential. Indeed, without flossing, more than 30% of the tooth surface is not reached. Thus, this is an effective method of preventing gum disease and cavities. Flossing avoids the formation of dental plaque by preventing the accumulation of food between the teeth and, consequently, the accumulation of bacteria. It should be noted that starting the use of dental floss, it often happens that the gums bleed. In the vast majority of cases,

A complete tooth brushing should last from 2 to 3 minutes and must be done in the minutes following the meal, because the time necessary for the attack of the bacteria is short. To brush properly, it is important to hold your brush at a 45 ° angle to your teeth and massage gently up and down in a rotating motion. Make sure you have the proper technique to avoid causing your teeth to become loose, that is, the retraction of the gums from the surface of the tooth. It is important to remember the last molars completely in the back of the mouth, even if they are hard to reach.

In addition, the use of a suitable toothbrush facilitates brushing: choose a brush with soft and rounded bristles. Finally, it is important to change your toothbrush every three months, the maximum life of a toothbrush.

Aside from regular cleaning of the teeth, it is advisable to adopt a balanced diet, avoiding among others, and the abuse of sweets. It is also very important to check your gums from time to time as they provide good indications of mouth and teeth health. Watch for redness, swelling, tenderness, or bleeding when brushing or flossing.

Smoking is one of the main causes of tooth loss; then, notice to hardened smokers, it is in your best interest to quit!

Finally, remember that regular visits to the dentist are required, since this health professional is able to detect anomalies that are difficult to observe oneself.

Special care in children

Children are the most likely to have cavities, so it is important to ensure that they receive quality care.

First of all, young children are not able to take adequate care of their teeth. Their parents have to do the cleaning for their child even before the appearance of the first tooth. It is therefore enough to gently rub the gums and teeth, if there are any, with a baby toothbrush or a damp cloth.

As soon as your child is able to write his name by hand, know that he is also able to brush his teeth properly. However, it is important to make sure that he gets into the habit of brushing his teeth gently, in order to avoid damaging his gums. In addition, make sure that it does not swallow toothpaste because it can develop dental fluorosis, a disease caused by chronic fluoride poisoning. In fact, take care not to put too much toothpaste on your child’s toothbrush. When the first tooth appears, a hint of toothpaste is more than enough. By the time your child is 3 years old, an amount equivalent to the size of a pea should be adequate.

Finally, the feeding of children also plays a key role in maintaining a healthy dentition. Sugar is also an important factor in the development of caries. It is obvious that the amount of sugar consumed and the time of stay in the mouth are directly related to the likelihood of caries occurring in your child’s mouth. Be sure to reduce the frequency with which your child consumes sugar and choose foods with the least amount of sugar possible.

For example, choose fruit juices with no added sugar and have him drink water between meals instead of a sweet drink. It should be noted that natural sugar is as damaging as refined sugar, which is why caution is required because it is a question of quantity and not of the origin of sugar. In addition, beware of certain liquid medications that contain a good amount of sugar, such as cough syrups. In order to make the right choice, do not hesitate to consult the advice of your pharmacist who will tell you which medicines do not contain sugar.

Good habits to keep teeth healthy

In closing, the secret of keeping a healthy dentition is in daily maintenance work on your mouth. Do not forget, sweets are like alcohol: moderation always tastes better!