If you want a perfect smile, veneers are a good solution. The dental veneers are sheets of the same color of the enamel that are placed on the surface of the tooth to improve the aesthetics of our smile.
Veneers can correct a multitude of aesthetic defects such as fractured, colored, crowded, separated teeth, etc.
The advances in dental aesthetics and the properties of the materials used in the current veneers make the final result much more natural than that of years ago.
What are veneers?
Dental veneers are very thin sheets made with materials that simulate the natural appearance of the enamel and are designed to cover the front surface of the teeth. They can be made of porcelain or composite. Most veneers are made with porcelain because this material resists the passage of time and has refraction properties of light similar to those of natural teeth. The veneers stick on the surface of the teeth to hide imperfections and sometimes change the size, shape and length of the teeth.
How are porcelain veneers placed?
Normally the treatment requires three visits to the dentist. At the first visit your dentist will explain if this particular treatment is the most appropriate for you and will inform you of the advantages and disadvantages of the treatment.
On the second visit your dentist will carve the surface of the tooth by removing a small amount of enamel to make room for the veneer. Normally only half a millimeter of enamel thickness is removed but you may need some anesthesia. The carving of the enamel is necessary so that the tooth is not very bulky after placing the veneer. Then you take an impression of your teeth to send to the laboratory where the veneers will be made to measure.
On the third visit, your dentist will place the veneers on your site using a special adhesive material.
Advantages and disadvantages of porcelain veneers
This treatment is relatively expensive and irreversible, so it is advisable to carefully weigh the pros and cons before making a decision.
Advantages of the veneers of porcelain:
- Since veneers are made with material that simulates enamel and are made to measure for each patient, it is practically impossible to distinguish them from natural teeth.
- With a porcelain veneer it is possible to change the shape of the teeth, their color and even the defects of position.
- The stains of tobacco, coffee, tea, wine, etc. They do not affect porcelain veneers.
- The color of the veneers can be selected among several tones (it is advisable to let yourself be guided by the professional and resist the temptation to choose the whitest tones that give less natural results)
- For healthy teeth, veneers can be a good substitute for crowns since crowns require a major modification of the tooth’s natural structure when carving.
- Porcelain veneers are durable pieces that maintain the color, brightness and original appearance over time.
Disadvantages of porcelain veneers:
- The design and preparation in the laboratory and its placement requires a lot of time and dedication for what is usually a treatment with a relatively high cost.
- Although it is a non-invasive and painless treatment, the sensitivity of the teeth can increase since it is necessary to carve, even minimally, the tooth enamel.
- It must be borne in mind that, once the teeth are prepared, to place the veneers, the process is not reversible.
- A cemented veneer is definitely difficult to remove or repair (it must be broken)
Are porcelain veneers suitable for me?
If you have spaces between your teeth, veneers can be a good alternative to orthodontics. The veneers are also indicated to hide small fractures and uneven teeth. They are ideal for those teeth that do not respond well to tooth whitening.
The veneers are not appropriate for teeth weakened by decay, with large fractures or fillings. In these cases a crown is more advisable.
Patients who squeeze and grind their teeth, in some cases, are not good candidates for this type of treatment because they are prone to break veneers.
Maintenance of porcelain veneers
With proper care following the instructions of your dentist, the veneers can last for many years. However, because they are so fine, they can be broken if we misuse them. Avoid biting your nails, nibbling pencils, ice or any other hard material.
It is also important to follow good dental hygiene and go through the checks indicated by your dentist to make sure that our veneers are still in perfect condition.
With proper care and good dental hygiene you can enjoy a beautiful smile for years to come.