The gum is a mucosa that covers the bone that surrounds the teeth. Without any alteration, the gum is a pale reddish color and its main function is the protection of the teeth, also helping to hold them. In many occasions, we present alterations in this important tissue that leads to multiple consequences, we can find from a remarkable change of tissue coloration, which can give us indications that something is happening, up to dental changes, affecting from the aesthetic to the principal functions. One of these alterations is pyorrhea and that is why in the following article we will explain in detail what pyorrhea is, what its symptoms are and the treatment you should follow if you present it.
What is dental pyorrhea and what are its symptoms
The chronic periodontitis or also called pyorrhea is a common pathology oral infectious type level produced by the presence of bacterial colonies located on the gums. It is a disease that leads to the destruction of the dental support bone and, therefore, to the loss of the main functions of this tissue.
Symptoms of pyorrhea
Among the most frequent symptoms of pyorrhea, we will first mention the presence of tartar above or below the gum, the person presents a change in coloration in the gum being a red more accentuated, the teeth turn a more yellowish color and mainly there is a presence of a pus or blood discharge, which can be spontaneous or occur as a result of the passage of some object, for example during tooth brushing.
In addition, pyorrhea can cause the gum to retract and the person complains of having mobility in the teeth because there is loss of support.
Causes of pyorrhea
The main cause of pyorrhea is bacterial, since within our mouth there is a bacterial cluster and as the hours pass, a plaque film is formed at the dental level, composed of the same bacteria and food debris. If this plaque is not removed, it can become mineralized leading to solid deposits, known as dental calculus or tartar, producing gingivitis, which is the first inflammatory response that the gum has to these agents. However, when this continues to progress and the lesion is prolonged, bone loss can occur, leading to pyorrhea or chronic periodontitis.
The previous cause is closely related to poor hygiene on the part of the person at the oral level.
Pyorrhea presents risk factors that can cause or aggravate the situation, among these factors is tobacco. The cigarette has a vascular effect in which the blood flow is diminished in addition to that the gum will receive less oxygen and, therefore, the defense mechanism of bacteria is affected, destroying the tissue more quickly and aggressively.
In women there is a greater probability of suffering pyorrhea due to the hormonal changes that they present, these changes modify the bacterial micro flora in the mouth making it more susceptible to the increase of bacteria and, therefore, to the formation of tartar.
Treatment of pyorrhea
The treatment of pyorrhea consists of several phases, the initial or hygiene phase being a dental cleaning or also known as a tartrectomy, which consists of the elimination of the calculus or calculus through the use of instruments, either rotary or manuals by the general dentist. In more delicate cases, it is preferable to go to a periodontics, who is the specialist dentist in this area.
Then, the control or maintenance phase comes, the person must be reviewed again by the dentist to affirm that the changes suffered in the gum have improved, and this phase includes the use of a better brushing technique and mouth rinses, preferably those that contain chlorhexidine. Depending on the type of rinse, it will be indicated how long and how it should be used, and depending on the degree of alteration that is suffered, the brushing technique that should be used will be decided.
In the case that the patient is a smoker, it will be recommended to quit, because while the habit is maintained, the pyorrhea will also continue.
Another possible treatment in case of advanced periodontal diseases, in which there is a lot of dental mobility and tartar is observed below the gum, is the performance of periodontal surgery. With this, the gums will be separated from the teeth to leave them exposed and cleaning the area will be done eliminating all traces of tartar, suturing and, finally, the teeth will be fixed in their proper position with the use of resin and / or orthodontic wires.
However, the best thing to avoid pyorrhea is prevention that is, maintaining an adequate oral hygiene, including a good brushing technique and a good mouth rinse. In the following article we show the best tricks to take care of teeth.